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Baloo's Bugle

February 2006 Cub Scout Roundtable Issue

Volume 12, Issue 7
March 2006 Theme

Theme: Cubstruction
Webelos: Engineer & Athlete
  Tiger Cub


This could be a Webelos Den’s last salute and thank you to the pack before graduation.     CD

Graduation of a Webelos Den to Boy Scouts
Adapted from Alapaha Council Pow Wow Book

All graduating Cub Scouts stand at the front of the room.

Props:  10 candles, 10 cards with verse

Dim lights - candles are lit:

  • We’ve played together and worked together.
  • Maybe had a fight or two.
  • We’ve taken trips and had some slips.
  • And seen many projects through.
  • That Tiger Badge seems so long ago
  • We earned our Wolf and Arrow Points.
  • And passed the tests for our Bear degree.
  • We earned Activity Awards for Webelos
  • And finally those for Arrow of Light
  • Now, Boy Scouts we’ll soon be.

Leader:  We hope you remember Den (#) with delight!

CM:        We salute you Den (#)! Good luck! Happy Scouting!

At this time, the den does its cheer one last time and the Bridging Ceremony to Boy Scouts is begun



Great Salt Lake Council

Den Activities

  • Arrange for boys to visit an engineer or surveyor in a municipal county office.  Plan for the boys to look through the surveyor's manual and read a rod.
  • Visit a construction site and see the plans that are being followed.
  • Visit the county water works or a TV or radio station.
  • Have someone explain how to read topographic maps.
  • Make a block and tackle.  Be sure to explain its purpose.
  • Make catapults and demonstrate themat pack meeting, shooting at a safe target (away frompeople) candies for distance.
  • Discuss different types of engineers.  If one can visit your den, let himdescribe briefly what his duties are.
  • Have an engineer or surveyor visit your den meeting.
  • Demonstrate the basic principles of leverage by using a teeter-totter or a plank with a fulcrum made of bricks or blocks.
  • Invite a civil, electrical, mechanical or chemical engineer to the meeting to discuss his/her occupation.
  • Obtain a blue print of a building and ask an engineer to discuss the plans.  Then tour the building.
  • Measure the dimensions of your meeting place and include the locations of doors and windows. Show how to sketch a simple floor plan with these measurements.
  • Have a resource person demonstrate the use of drafting tools.
  • Invent a machine to do a task. You might even have fun concocting a "Rube Goldberg" invention.
  • Have an engineer visit your den and tell about his profession.  He might be able to bring a set of blueprints, and explain the symbols used, and show how he uses blueprints.
  • Ask your local Boy Scout troop to give a demonstration ofsome ofthe skills needed for the Pioneering Merit
  • Badge.  One particular itemof interest would be to see a rope monkey bridge being lashed together.

Model Monkey Bridge
Circle Ten Council

Based on a foot bridge found in the high mountains of India, the monkey bridge uses one thick rope to walk on and two others as hand ropes.

The same design and knots used in the full-sized version are used in this model. The monkey bridge is often built in Scout camp as part of the Pioneering merit badge.
You'll need some hemp cord, some pieces of strong string, four 1/4" dowels 10" long, and two 1/4" dowels 4" long. A piece of scrap lumber at least 30" long and 4" wide makes a good base.

Make the shear lashings first, about 4" from the top of the shear legs. Tie loosely so the legs can open. Add the crosspieces, fastened with square lashings about 2" from the bottom. All lashings begin and end with a clove hitch.
Stretch the cord between the supports and tack the ends in place. Add the hand ropes and fasten them to the same anchor. Paint or stain the wood to give the bridge a rustic look.

Speakers in the following Fields of Engineering
Circle Ten Council

You may be lucky enough to have some Moms and Dads of your Scouts who are Engineers.  Invite them to speak about what they do.  Perhaps, they could even take the den to see where they work and what they do.  Or maybe there is a big local plant near you that has Engineers who would be willing to volunteer some time to show your den around.  I live near a large Dupont facility and have met some of their staff and toured their Waste Treatment facility. 

Here are some ideas about what engineers do -

Aeronautical Engineering - deals with the whole field of design, manufacturing, maintenance, testing, and the use of aircraft.

Industrial or Management Engineering - pertains to the efficient use of machinery, labor, and raw materials in industrial production.

Chemical Engineering - concern with the design, construction, and management of factories in which essential processes consist of chemical reactions.

Civil Engineering - is one of the broadest of the engineering fields dealing with the creation improvement and protection of the communal environment. Buildings, roads, bridges, airports and other constructions are just a few of the areas civil engineers impact.

Electrical Engineering - involves the use of electrical power, electrical machinery and communication, information, and control systems.

Geological and Mining Engineering - includes activities related to the discovery and processing of minerals.

Mechanical Engineering - speaks to the design and operation of all types of machinery.
Safety Engineering - is concerned with the prevention of accidents.


Make A Steam Engine
Circle Ten Council

A Webelos Scout may get a graphic demonstration of the power of steam by building the simple steam turbine shown in this illustration. Materials needed are a tin can, a lid from a second tin can, a pair of tin snips, a sheet metal screw, a cork, a power drill, an extra piece of tin to make the support for the turbine wheel, a finishing nail, and a source of heat.
Assemble to look like the illustration.


Blueprint Symbols.
Circle Ten Council

Can be used in floor plans drawn for requirement 8 of the Webelos Engineer activity badge. Make a game of learning them by putting each one on a 3" x 5" card and using them as flash cards.

Paper Bridge Competition
Karen, Webelos Leader (and an engineer),
Pack 23, Suffern, NY


  • 2 rolls masking tape
  • 2 stacks of newspaper  (a good size Sunday paper will do)
  • 4 chairs with backs
  • 2 identical sets of books or blocks (for weight)

Divide the Den into two groups.  Let an adult help each group if available.  Give each group a roll of masking tape and a stack of newspapers.  Set up the chairs in pairs about 4 feet apart.  Each group must make a bridge using the materials provided that spans from one chair to the other. 

After a set amount of time (15 to 20 min), see how much weight each bridge cansupport without failing.  The bridges may be a truss, suspension, or cable stayed bridge, but must span from one chair to the other without touching the ground in between.

Gumdrop Truss Bridge
Karen, Webelos Leader (and an engineer),
Pack 23, Suffern, NY

This is a fun project that illustrates the strength and rigidity of a truss bridge.  You will need a box of round toothpicks and a couple of bags of inexpensive gumdrops (or spice drops).  Scouts can work as pairs or individuals on this project.  Each scout should start by assembling a single triangular panel using 3 gumdrops and 3 toothpicks.  (It is important to notice the strength of the triangular shape.)  From there they can extend the side panel of the truss by adding more toothpicks and gumdrops. 

Once the single truss is about 4 panels long, the scouts can begin the second side truss.  The two sides are then connected together by adding toothpicks between matching gumdrop node points.  This short bridge span, which is about 8 inches long, will be very stiff and strong.  Spanning the bridge between two stacks of books, or the like can test the strength.  A cup full of pennies can be used to load the truss.  After testing the strength, the scouts can extend the bridge length by adding more pieces.  A second level of truss may be added for really long spans  (2 ft or more).  The scouts will enjoy testing out various different bridge configurations.   

The Right "Man" (or Woman) for the Job!
Annawon, Cape Cod and Islands, and 
Old Colony Council Pow Wow Book

Use a word from this list to fill in the correct answer.

Aeronautics                Electrical

Chemical                     Physical

Computer                   Industrial

City                         Mechanical

Agricultural                         Civil

  1. An engineer who designs plants to make water safe to drink - __________.
  2. An engineer who designs machines in a factory - _________________.
  3. An engineer who tests new processes and checks old ones in a chemical plant - ________________.
  4. An engineer who plans new circuits and directs workers in an electrical plant - ________________.
  5. An engineer who designs and tests new space techniques - ________________.
  6. An engineer who designs and tests new techniques for new equipment for industry - ___________________.
  7. An engineer who designs and tests equipment for farmers and ranchers - __________________.


Bridges & Machines
Annawon, Cape Cod and Islands, and 
Old Colony Council Pow Wow Book

Use a word from this list to fill in the correct answer.

Catapult                 Arch Bridge

Pulleys        Suspension Bridge

Beam Bridge                  Levers

Plank Bridge      Block & Tackle

Truss Bridge            Pier Bridge

  1. A flat surface over two supports - ________
  2. A flat surface over three or more supports -_
  3. A flat surface over an arched support - ____
  4. A flat surface with turned up edges - ______
  5. A bridge with sides made up of a series of triangles -              
  6. A bridge that appears to hang from strong strung cables                    
  7. A pulley(s) and a rope or cable - _________
  8. A slingshot or other device used to project something -                       


Rubber Bands & Engineering
Rubber Band Strength
Annawon, Cape Cod and Islands, and 
Old Colony Council Pow Wow Book

One of the requirements for engineer is to make a catapult. This requires the use of a rubber band or two, or a piece of tire inner tube. The rubber band is "elastic" and it stretches, but then returns to it's original shape. Before using materials in building, engineers must know the characteristics. Does it expand or contract? Is it weak or strong? Does it burn or not?

You can try an experiment to learn more of the characteristics of rubber bands and other elastic material. Get a collection of different sized rubber bands. Measure them for length, width and thickness (if you can). Make a chart that shows this information and mark each rubber band clearly so you know which is which. (Using colored rubber bands is best.)










With each rubber band, attach one end to a cup hook that is screwed into a board. Attach the other end to a known weight. How far down does each rubber band stretch? Does its thickness change? Does its width change? Which rubber band is the strongest? Which rubber band is the weakest? How can you tell?


Basketball Catapult
Annawon, Cape Cod and Islands, and  
Old Colony Council Pow Wow Book


  1. Base, backboard and hoop are made from a 1"x4" board.
  2. Drill holes in base and backboard 3/8" diameter and 1/2" deep.
  3. Cut a slot at a 15 degree angle in a cube block large enough for the handle of a plastic spoon.
  4. Cut hole for the hoop first; then finish cutting the hoop piece. (We used a slice of 2" diameter PVC pipe and screwed it into backboard.)
  5. Glue the hoop to the backboard; then glue dowel rod into backboard and base.
  6. Glue cube block to base and insert spoon into slot.
  7. Cut string and attach one end to dowel rod at base and the other end to any 1" sized ball (ping pong balls work well).




Being Healthy
Circle Ten Council

Good Health Habits Quiz

Circle the correct answer(s).

  1. Bathe/shower (everyday OR once per week) and especially after exercise.
  2. Wash your hair (1/month OR 2+ times/week).
  3. Wash hands (before eating OR after using the restroom) and when they're dirty.
  4. Eat right - (3 OR 4 OR 6) regular meals each day at regular times!
  5. Eat (just some OR a variety of) food from each of the 4 food groups.
  6. The average 10 year old should get at least (6 OR 9 OR 12) hours of sleep each night.

ANSWERS: 1. Everyday, 2. 2+ times, before eating and after using restroom, 3. 3 meals, 4. Variety, 9 hours

Clean & Strong
Circle Ten Council

Circle T for True or F for False.

T    F

Our bodies "repair" themselves while we sleep.


T    F

Clean clothes aren't necessary after a bath or shower - they are just in the morning.

T    F

Use proper lighting for all activities including reading, TV viewing, and playing.

T    F

Fitness is never just physical - it involves both the mind and body together.

T    F

Stand tall, and walk tall with shoulders back and stomach in.

T    F

It's OK to share drinking cups, washcloths and towels.

T    F

Different foods provide different nutrients, and no one food can sustain us.

T    F

Rushing meals or skipping meals can be harmful to your body.

ANSWER: 1 - T, 2 - F, 3 - T, 4 - T, 5 - T, 6 - F, 7 - T, 8 - T


Volleyball Serve it Underhand
Circle Ten Council

The underhand serve is the easiest to master for volleyball. In a game you must put the ball into play from a 10 foot wide area behind the end line. Always practice with a line in front of you so you will learn not to cross it until you have released the ball.

For the underhand serve (if right handed), stands with your left foot about 13” in front of the right foot. Bend both knees a little, lift the ball in both hands out in front of your chest, to your right side. Hold the ball in the left hand and start to bring the right hand down. Close the finger of the right hand as if you were making a loose fist.

Keep your eyes on the ball. Bring right hand down, back, and up behind you. Step a quarter step forward on your left foot. Swing your right hand at ball. Just before you hit it, toss the ball up a little and drop your left hand away from it. (The rules say – release your left hand from the ball before hitting it.) Strike ball solidly with the palm side of your fist and follow through. (Of left handed, reverse from right to left.)

Once you master the serve, try using the heel of hand instead of fist. Close hand instead of your fist. Close your hand half-way so fingertips come just below the base of the fingers with thumb-tip beside the first joint of forefingers

The Athlete
Circle Ten Council
Tune: My Bonnie

They gave me a suit and a number
And sent me out on the field
They gave me a ball called the pigskin,
And shoes with some cleats, toe and heel


Muscles, Cramps, wracking my body with pain, with pain
I stand, wondering, if ever I’ll do this again!
Next time they gave me a racquet,
They sent me out on the court
Funny the things you encounter,
While trying to learn a new sport.


The ordeal was finally over,
At least, that’s what I thought,
When they shoved me the soccer equipment
I fainted dead on the spot!



Athlete Den Activities
Circle Ten Council

TOWEL PICKUP - Take off your shoes and socks. Pick up a towel with your toes.

PAPER PICKUP - Pick up a piece of paper from the floor without bending your knees

BOOK CARRY - Walk across the room with a book balanced on your head.

SKIN THE CAT - Clasp your hands in front of you. Try to step through the ring formed by your hands and finish standing upright with them clasped behind you. Return to your original position by stepping backwards through the ring.

TOE WRESTLING - Two wrestlers sit on the floor, facing each other with arms clasped around knees. When they are in this position, place a stick over each person’s elbows and under his bent knees. Their feet should be flat on the ground with the toes of one touching the toes of his opponent. The object is for one wrestler to get his toes under the toes of his opponent and roll him over backwards. If either wrestler breaks the handclasp above his knees, the other wins the contest.

SIDEWALK TENNIS - Played with a tennis ball on two squares of sidewalk or patch of level ground marked off in similar size. Ball is batted with the hands. Use regular tennis rules, except that there is no serving court


Requirement #1

Can be combined with the Fitness Activity Badge and the Sportsman Activity Badge. The subjects of being physically healthy, balanced diets, and bad effects of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco can be combined and signed off all together.

Requirement #2

Takes the longest amount of time to complete and sign off of all the Physical Skills Group. To earn the Physical Fitness Sports Pin, the boy needs to earn 60 points in a 90 day period. They must exercise or be involved in some activity for 30 minutes to earn one point. The boy can earn a maximum of five points in a day. Just remember 30 minutes for one point, 60 points total in a 90 day period.

You can pass off requirements 3 through 9 as part of this pin, use requirement 3 and 4 of the Sportsman badge to meet the requirement.


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