EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS


Requirements were REVISED effective January 1, 2004.
A Typographical error in Requirement 6b was corrected in 2005.

New text is in bold GREEN underlined Serif text like this sentence.
Deleted portions are struck through RED italic text like this sentence.


Either this Merit Badge or Lifesaving MB
is Required to earn the Eagle Scout Rank

  1. Earn the First Aid Merit Badge.
  2. Do the following:
    1. Tell what you would do to prevent injury and possible loss of life to yourself and others in each of the following emergencies: fire or explosion at home and in a public building, car stalled in a blizzard or desert, motor vehicle accident, mountain accident, food poisoning, boating accident, search for lost person, lost or marooned group, gas leak, earthquake, flood, tornado or hurricane, atomic emergency, and avalanche (snow or rock).
      Discuss with your counselor these three aspects of emergency preparedness:
      1. Recognition of a potential emergency situation
      2. Prevention of an emergency situation
      3. Reaction to an emergency situation

      Include in your discussion the kinds of questions that are important to ask yourself as you consider each of these.

    2. Show that you know what to do in at least TWO of the above.
      Make a chart that demonstrates your understanding of each of the three aspects of emergency preparedness in requirement 2a (recognition, prevention, and reaction) with regard to 10 of the situations listed below. You must use situations 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5* but may choose any other five for a total of 10 situations. Discuss this chart with your counselor.
      1. Home kitchen fire*
      2. Home basement/storage room/garage fire*
      3. Explosion in the home
      4. Automobile accident*
      5. Food-borne disease (food poisoning)*
      6. Fire or explosion in a public place
      7. Vehicle stalled in the desert
      8. Vehicle trapped in a blizzard
      9. Flash flooding in town or the country
      10. Mountain/backcountry accident
      11. Boating accident
      12. Gas leak in a building
      13. Tornado or hurricane
      14. Major flood
      15. Nuclear power plant emergency
      16. Avalanche (snowslide or rockslide)
      17. Violence in a public place
    3. Meet with and teach your family how to recognize, prevent, and react to the situations on the chart you created for requirement 2b. Then meet with your counselor and report on your family meeting, discussing their responses.
  3. Show how you could safely save a person from the following:
    1. Touching a live electric wire.
    2. A room with carbon monoxide or other fumes or smoke.
    3. Clothes on fire.
    4. Drowning using nonswimming rescues (including ice accidents on ice).
  4. Show three ways of attracting and communicating with rescue planes/aircraft.
    Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training needed, and the safety precautions to be taken for the following emergency service:
    1. Crowd and traffic control
    2. Messenger service and communication.
    3. Collection and distribution services.
    4. Group feeding, shelter, and sanitation.
  5. With another person, show a good way to move an injured person out of a remote and/or rugged area, conserving the energy of rescuers while ensuring the well-being and protection of the injured person.
    Take part in an emergency service project, either real or a practice drill.
  6. Do the following:
    Show three ways of attracting and communicating with rescue planes.
    1. Tell the things a group of Scouts should be prepared to do, the training needed, and the safety precautions they should take for the following emergency services:
      1. Crowd and traffic control
      2. Messenger service and communication.
      3. Collection and distribution services.
      4. Group feeding, shelter, and sanitation.
    2. Identify the government or community agencies that normally handle and prepare for the emergency services listed under 6a, and explain to your counselor how a group of Scouts could volunteer to help in the event of these types of emergencies.
    3. Find out who is your community's disaster/emergency response coordinator and learn what this person does to recognize, prevent and respond to emergency situations in your community. Discuss this information with your counselor and apply what you discover to the chart you created for requirement 2b.
  7. With another person, show a good way to move an injured person out of a remote and rugged area, conserving the energy of all the rescuers.
    Take part in an emergency service project, either a real one or a practice drill, with a Scouting unit or a community agency.
  8. Do the following:
    1. Prepare a written plan for mobilizing your troop when needed to do emergency service. If there is already a plan, explain it. Tell your part in making it work.
    2. Take part in at least one troop mobilization. Before the exercise, describe Describe your part to your counselor. Afterward, conduct an "after-action" lesson, discussing what you learned during the exercise that required changes or adjustments to the plan.
    3. Prepare a Show the personal "emergency pack" which you have prepared to be ready emergency service pack for a mobilization call. Prepare Show a family kit (suitcase or waterproof box) for use by your family in case an emergency evacuation is needed. Explain the need needs and uses of the contents.
  9. Do ONE of the following:
    1. Using a safety checklist approved by your counselor, inspect your home for potential hazards. Explain the hazards you find and how they can be corrected.
    2. Review or develop a plan of escape for your family in case of fire in your home.
    3. Develop an accident prevention program for five family activities outside the home (such as taking a picnic or seeing a movie) that includes an analysis of possible hazards, a proposed plan to correct those hazards, and the reasons for the corrections you propose.
  10. Show proper use of ropes and lines for rescue work by doing the following:
    1. Tie knots for joining lines. Tie knots for shortening or adjusting lines. Tie knots for lashings.
    2. Lower a person from a height sufficient to show how.
    3. Coil and accurately throw light and heavy 50-foot heaving lines.

BSA Advancement ID#: 6
Pamphlet Revision Date: 2003
Requirements last updated in 2004 & 2005


Page updated on: September 04, 2007



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